Treatment Episode Data Set
Treatment Episode Data Set
The Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) is a component of the Drug and Alcohol Services Information System. TEDS is maintained by the Office of Applied Studies (OAS), Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). TEDS system includes records of 1.5 million annual admissions for substance abuse treatment.
TEDS is comprised of data routinely collected by states during monitoring of individual substance abuse treatment systems. Generally speaking, facilities reporting the TEDS data are ones that receive drug agency and/or state alcohol funds (which includes federal block grant funds) for providing substance abuse treatment. The scope of facilities included in TEDS is affected by differences in state licensing, accreditation, certification, and public funds disbursement. If not licensed through the state substance abuse agency, private, for-profit agencies, hospitals and state correctional system treatment facilities may be excluded from TEDS. Facilities operated by federal agencies (such as the Bureau of Prisons, Department of Defense, and the Veterans Administration) are not included in TEDS data.
Data are collected for a full calendar year and are updated quarterly. Total numbers and percent distribution are reported by age at admission (under 15 years to 65 years or older), sex, race/ethnicity for each of 15 categories of primary substance of abuse.
Substances of Abuse Categories
The following 15 substances of abuse are reported in the TEDS system:
• Alcohol (alcohol only and alcohol with secondary drug)
• Other opiates/synthetics (non prescription methadone/other opiates/synthetics)
• Cocaine (smoked and non-smoked)
• Other stimulants
• Tranquilizers (benzodiazepine and other tranquilizers)
• Sedatives/hypnotics (barbiturates, other sedatives/hypnotics)
There are some limitations to TEDS which are important to note.
• TEDS does not represent individual admissions for substance abuse treatment. Someone admitted twice within the same calendar year for treatment would be counted as two admissions. In addition, TEDS cannot follow an individual client through a series of treatment episodes.
• TEDS does not include all admissions to substance abuse treatment. It does include admissions to facilities that are licensed or certified by the state substance abuse agency to provide substance abuse treatment. Most of the facilities reporting the TEDS data receive drug agency and/or state alcohol funds in order to provide drug and/or alcohol treatment services.
• The number and client mix of the TEDS admissions does not represent the total demand for substance abuse treatment, nor does such data indicate the prevalence of substance abuse in the general population.
• The first, second and subsequent substances of abuse reported to TEDS are substances leading to the treatment episode, and not necessarily a complete list of all the drugs used at the time of admission.
• TEDS attempts to list episodes of treatment by distinguishing initial admission to subsequent transfer to another facility (such as from a residential to an outpatient treatment facility) within the same treatment episode. Since states differ greatly in their ability to identify transfers or to distinguish transfers between or across providers, some of the TEDS admissions may indeed be transfers. As such, the total number of admissions may be overstated.
• Timeliness of reporting must be taken into consideration. Data submitted late to SAMHSA appears in later reports. According to SAMHSA, however, the additional admissions are unlikely to significantly affect the percentage distributions of the TEDS.
• Systematic errors may be identified by states, which may then go back and replace or revise data originally reported, submitting the revised data to SAMHSA at regular intervals. The TEDS system updates reports accordingly. As such, later reports may differ from earlier ones.
--Suzannekane 22:09, 29 November 2009 (UTC)